Integrative vs. Non-Integrative Citations among Native and Nonnative English Writers

Ghaleb Rabab'ah, Ahmed Al-Marshadi

Abstract


This study investigates citation practices among native and nonnative English writers. Five Master EFL theses written by Arab EFL learners were compared to 5 Master EFL theses written by native speakers of English. Adopting Swales’ (1990) categorization, the employed citation patterns were analyzed and categorized into two types: integral and non-integral. The study revealed that the nonnative English writers used more integral-verb and non-integral citations than the native English writers. However, it was found that the native English writers used the noun-phrase citation type more frequently than did the nonnative writers. The findings conclude that Arab EFL learners lack the writing and research skills needed to use all citations types effectively.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ies.v6n7p78

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

International Education Studies ISSN 1913-9020 (Print), ISSN 1913-9039 (Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.