Pecking-Order or Static Trade-off Theory in Family Firms? Evidence from Belgium

Jonathan Bauweraerts, Olivier Colot


The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether a difference can be stated in the family firms’ financial choices. Using the Shyam-Sunder and Myers model, our research focus on the financial behaviour of family and non-family privately held firms in Belgium. Out of a sample of 210 privately held firms for the period 2002-2010, panel data methodology is employed to estimate Pecking-Order and Static Trade-off models. Our results show that although neither Pecking Order nor Static Trade-off Theory seems to apply to non-family firms, family firms are more likely to adopt an indebtedness target ratio. Moreover, the introduction of an allowance for corporate equity on the Belgian market is also taken into account. Our results indicate that such a mechanism seems to have an influence on the family firms funding choices.

Full Text:



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Business Research  ISSN 1913-9004 (Print), ISSN 1913-9012 (Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.