The Impact of Soil Transmitted Helminth (Sth) Towards Anemia Case in Elementary School Student in the District of Northwest Sumba
- Rafael Paun
- Wilhelmus Olin
- Zachry Tola
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a condition where body is having less eritrosit. Worms is an infectious sickness caused by worms’ parasite that endanger health. Worms sickness that usually infects and gives very bad affect is worms infection transmitted through soil or usually called “Soil Transmited Helmintes (STH).” In directly STH could affects supply and absorption and food metabolism to human body. Cumulatively, STH caused disadvantages like decreasing in calori and protein and loss of blood. This research aims to analysis impact factors of The Infection of Soil Transmitted Helminth (STH) towards.
SUBJEK AND METHOD: This is a quantitative research with cross sectional study design. This research is done in the District of Northwest Sumba, East Nusa Tenggara Province. Subject of this research is elementary schoold students with number of sampels are 105 students chosen by using Multistage Random Sampling Technique. Independent Variabel is the Infektion of Soil Transmitted Helminth and dependent variabel is Anemia. Data collecting technique is by checking the faeces using direct method and by checking capiler blood using strip test method, continued by interviewing using quisionaire and analyzed using simple Logistic Regresion.
RESULT: Number of Infektion of Soil Transmitted Helminth (STH) cases in elementary school students in the District of Northwest Sumba is 40%. Worms’ egg found majority are Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura (38.1%), in a single infection was found Ascaris lumbricoides (31%) and Trichuris trichiura (21%), and the minority worms found were Hookworm Ancylostoma duodenale (2.4%). Number of anemia cases in Elementary School students is 57.1%. Statictic examination test shows that the infection of Soil Transmitted Helminth (STH) positively and significantly affects the anemia cases with (OR= 27,3; 95% CI = 13,1-57,0; p = 0.001).
CONCLUSION: The probability of infection of Soil Transmitted Helminth (STH) positively and significantly affects the anemia cases in Elementary School Students.
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