Interpretation of Regional Magnetic Field Data Offshore Niger Delta Reveals Relationship between Deep Basement Architecture and Hydrocarbon Target

A. A. Okiwelu, O. Ofrey-Kulo, I. A. Ude

Abstract


Directional horizontal derivatives, analytic signal, filtering of magnetic data sets and 3D magnetic modelling incorporating induced and remanent magnetization were performed on low resolution aeromagnetic data to unravel the basement structure and its relationship with hydrocarbon target offshore Niger Delta basin. Forward modelling of the residual magnetic data gave discrete depth values that were exploited to compile the depth to basement (thickness of the sedimentary section) map which highlighted deep depocenters, high blocks and major sedimentary fairways in the study area. The uplifted blocks created the arches while downdropped ones produced the depocenters. The depth to the basement map revealed basement paleotopography which resulted from movement along fault zones. The transformed/enhanced data revealed three potential stress regimes trending NE-SW, N-S and E-W. The NE-SW lineaments are shear zones, more dominant and indicate possible extensions within the African continent of Charcot and Chain oceanic fracture zones. The E-W lineaments are revealed not only in the enhanced maps but also in the total magnetic intensity and residual data sets because they are associated with dykes. The N-S structures are very subtle and are therefore highlighted only in the transformed data. In combination with the E-W structures they are brittle and reactivated structures associated with faults and have significant implications for the tectonic evolution of the Niger Delta and its basin extensions. The transformed data sets, depth to basement map and residual data strongly suggest that jostling of the basement blocks has influenced deposition in the Niger Delta basin. The structural highs (basement highs), basement lows (structural lows) and steep/faulted basement flanks are attractive sites for oil and gas accumulation.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/esr.v2n1p13

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Earth Science Research   ISSN 1927-0542 (Print)   ISSN 1927-0550 (Online)
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