Survival in Poverty Dynamics in Urban Communities --- Empirical Study on Survival Strategy among Urban Poor Population from L Community in China

Zhengdong Li

Abstract


Urban poverty is a practical social issue which receives increasing focus and given more prominence at present in China, and is an important aspect demanding prompt solution for construction of a harmonious China. In study on current Chinese urban poverty issues, what is the most important but what is often ignored consciously or unconsciously is how the urban poverty population with limited resources and property maintain their life. The topic this paper is going to discuss is to understand how the urban poverty population maintains their living with limited resources and property, that is, to understand what they have, but not what they haven’t. Through in-depth study on and empirical analysis in practical and typical cases, the author of this paper exhibits the survival technical tactics of urban poverty population to relieve and extinguish poverty and the obstructive factors existing in their survival tactics. Then, the author reconstructs dynamic image of poverty in poverty process, which provides a brand-new field of view for elimination of urban poverty. The author holds the viewpoint that survival technical tactics of urban poverty population or families affect maintenance of their survival in poverty caused and in the process of persistent poverty as well as poverty relief. Control or change by urban poverty population or families on their consumption structure after falling into poverty plays a critical role in their maintenance of survival and relief of poverty, which is particularly obvious during the period of poverty caused. Portfolio management of urban poverty population or domestic tangible assets (increase of domestic labor force and reduction of human capital investment) and running of the productive assets and intangible assets (alteration and adjustment of domestic relations and maximum value conversion of social capital) reinforce their survival capacity in the poverty process and the ability to relieve and even break away from poverty, but not enlarge their opportunity to fall into poverty. Empirical analysis and in-depth case study in this paper will verify these subjects.

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Asian Social Science   ISSN 1911-2017 (Print)   ISSN 1911-2025 (Online)

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