The Relationship between Motivations and Self-Learning and the English Language Achievement in Secondary High School Students

Hadriana Hadriana, Mohd. Arif Ismail, Mahdum Mahdum


This study aims to determine the level of motivation and relationship of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations and self-learning concerning students’ achievement in the English language, in relevance with their determination and the use of English to derive knowledge and as a medium of communication. A total of 120 secondary high school students in Pekanbaru Riau, Indonesia were randomly chosen as sample to evaluate and determine the influence of internal and external factors, as well as self-learning in mastering the English Language. A set of questionnaire was used in this study to assess the level of students’ motivation and self-learning and its relationship with their achievement. A test was used to measure the level of English proficiency. Pearson correlation and descriptive analysis were used to analyze the findings by using SPSS version 19.0. The findings showed a medium high level of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and self-learning, whereas students’ achievement was simply at the medium low level. The findings show that there is a less significant relationship between extrinsic motivation and the English Language achievement among students, however there is no significant relationship between intrinsic motivation and self-learning with the achievement. The study also stressed on the importance of providing a supportive learning environment to inspire and encourage students’ interest to form a culture of learning English Language rather than independent learning and intrinsic motivation.

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Asian Social Science   ISSN 1911-2017 (Print)   ISSN 1911-2025 (Online)    Email: 

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