Target Strength for Fish Identification Using Echo Sounder

Sunardi Sunardi, Jafri Din, Anton Yudhana, Raja Bidin Raja Hassan


Identification of target strength (TS) of fish species in the South China Sea has been conducted using Furuno FQ-80
(38/120 kHz echo sounder). This study introduces new experimental method which is combination of in situ and ex situ
experiment by applying net cage at undersea. This research involved Selar boops (Oxeye scad) and Megalaspis cordyla
(Torpedo scad) in separate net cage at the bottom of the vessel. TS, depth, and position (x-y-z) of fish have been
monitored at every ping using echogram. TS of Selar boobs at low and high frequency are -44.49 dB for source level
(SL) of 236dB and -43.96 dB for SL of 228 dB. For Megalaspis cordyla, TS are -45.34 dB (SL = 230 dB) and -43.06
dB (SL = 225 dB) for low and high frequency respectively. The results show that Megalaspis cordyla produce higher
TS whereas the position is deeper and smaller size than Selar boops at low and high frequency.

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Applied Physics Research   ISSN 1916-9639 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9647 (Online)   Email:

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