The Fifth Force, the Sixth Force and the Spring Force

Ling Man Tsang


Upon  revisiting the famous Pound-Rebka-Snider experiments on the gravitational red-shift , the fifth and even the sixth force in nature are in fact the stretching and compression force of the spring , where the spring term is the cosmological constant in Einstein’s field equations.

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Applied Physics Research   ISSN 1916-9639 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9647 (Online)

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